Household Appliance Maintenance Guide 2023

Being a homeowner comes with the important duty of keeping your appliances in good working order to decrease the likelihood of costly repairs or replacements. Even though home appliances warranties can be a safety net, they usually don’t cover appliances that have suffered due to inadequate maintenance. To avoid this, homeowners must understand and regularly perform every home appliance maintenance. This not only enhances their performance but also extends their operational life.

Why Should You Perform Maintenance on Your Household Appliance?

Performing maintenance on your household appliances is crucial for various reasons. Regular home appliance maintenance helps prolong the lifespan of your appliances, ensuring they serve you for an extended period. By taking proactive steps to care for them, you can prevent premature breakdowns and the need for costly repairs or replacements. This saves you money in the long run and reduces the inconvenience of dealing with sudden appliance failures. Proper home appliance maintenance leads to enhanced performance. When appliances are well-maintained, they operate more efficiently and effectively.

What Happens If You Don’t?

Neglecting home appliance maintenance can have significant consequences. Without regular maintenance, appliances are more likely to experience breakdowns. Over time, dirt, dust, and debris can accumulate, causing clogs, reduced airflow, or strain on internal components. The repair costs can be substantial when an appliance breaks down due to a lack of maintenance. Appliances that are not maintained may start to exhibit decreased performance. Faulty or neglected appliances can pose safety risks. Failing to perform home appliance maintenance and kitchen appliance maintenance can void warranties or insurance coverage, leaving you responsible for the full financial burden of any repairs or replacements needed.

How to Maintain Your Household Appliances?


Steps to maintain your Refrigerator

  • Regularly clean the interior and exterior of the refrigerator, removing expired food items and wiping down surfaces with mild detergent.
  • Pay attention to spills and stains, leading to odours and bacterial growth.
  • Monitor and adjust the temperature settings of your refrigerator according to the recommended range (usually between 35°F and 38°F). This helps maintain food freshness and prevents the appliance from working harder than necessary.
  • Periodically clean the condenser coils at the back or underneath the refrigerator to remove dust and debris.
  • Inspect the door seals for any signs of damage or wear. Damaged seals can lead to air leaks, causing energy wastage and temperature fluctuations.
  • Clean the seals regularly and replace them if necessary.
  • Arrange food items in a way that allows for good airflow and prevents overcrowding.

Washing Machine

Steps to maintain your Washing Machine

  • Look at the hoses at the back of the washing machine for any cracks, leaks, or wear. If you notice any damage, consider replacing the hoses to avoid potential flooding.
  • Overloading your washing machine can wear out its motor and drum over time. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for maximum load size.
  • Using too much detergent can result in residue build-up in your machine, leading to potential problems. Follow the detergent manufacturer’s recommendation for the correct amount.
  • Once a month, run a hot water cycle with no clothes in the machine. Add a cup of distilled white vinegar to the detergent dispenser to help clean the Inside of the washer.
  • If your washing machine has a lint filter, it should be cleaned regularly to keep the machine running efficiently.
  • After finishing a wash cycle, leave the washing machine door open to let the Inside of the machine dry out, preventing mould and mildew from forming.
  • Wipe down the exterior of your washing machine regularly with a damp cloth and mild detergent to keep it looking new and to prevent any exterior damage.


Steps to maintain your Dishwasher

  • While you don’t need to fully wash your dishes before loading, make sure to scrape off any large bits of food. This prevents the filter from clogging.
  • Place dishes so that water can reach all surfaces.
  • Make sure to use a dishwasher detergent recommended by the manufacturer.
  • Ensure the spinning arms aren’t blocked by large utensils or dishes. Periodically remove the arms and rinse them under water to clear any blockages.
  • Once a month, run a cleaning cycle. You can use a commercial dishwasher cleaner or make your own by placing a cup of white vinegar in a dishwasher-safe container on the upper rack and then running a hot-water cycle.
  • The rubber seal around the door can accumulate grime and food particles, which can cause leaks. Clean the seals with a mild cleaner and a soft cloth, and replace them if they are damaged.


Steps to maintain your Oven

  • After each use, wipe away any spills or food particles with a damp cloth once the oven is cool. Leaving debris in your oven can result in smoke and unpleasant odours during cooking.
  • Schedule a deep clean every three to six months, depending on usage.
  • Use an oven cleaner specifically designed for ovens, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Avoid using harsh chemicals or scrubbing too hard, which could scratch or damage the interior.
  • Remove the oven racks for cleaning. These can usually be cleaned with warm soapy water and a non-abrasive scrubbing pad.
  • Clean the inside and outside of the oven door. Use a glass cleaner for the outside and a non-abrasive cleaner for the inside.
  • Check the oven door seal regularly for wear and tear. A damaged seal can lead to heat escaping, which decreases the efficiency of your oven and can increase cooking times. Replace the seal if needed.
  • If your oven has a self-cleaning function, use it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Clothes Dryer

Steps to maintain your Clothes Dryer

  • Clean out the lint filter after each use. Excessive lint buildup can reduce your dryer’s efficiency and could pose a fire risk.
  • Wipe the exterior of your dryer regularly with a damp cloth and mild detergent. This keeps your appliance looking its best and prevents dust and grime buildup.
  • Every few months, unplug the dryer and clean the drum using a cloth dampened with a mild soap and water mixture.
  • Check the dryer vent cap on the exterior of your home regularly. Make sure it’s not blocked by debris or damage.
  • Ensure your dryer is level. An unbalanced dryer can vibrate, making it noisier and wearing it out faster.
  • Always avoid overloading your dryer. Overloading can strain the motor and drive belts, reducing the lifespan of your dryer and causing inefficient drying.
  • Keep an ear out for unusual noises when the dryer is running. These could indicate problems that need attention, such as worn-out belts or bad drum rollers.
  • If possible, have a professional appliance check-up at least once a year to ensure the dryer is in good working condition.

How Often Should You Perform Maintenance on Your Household Appliances?

While we’ve touched on how to maintain your household appliances, you might wonder how often these tasks must be performed. Each appliance has an optimal maintenance schedule to keep running smoothly and efficiently.

For your refrigerator, which operates continuously, regular maintenance checks should ideally be performed every six months. These include cleaning the condenser coils, checking door seals for air leaks, and defrosting if your model is not self-defrosting. Regular interior cleaning is also essential to prevent the build-up of odors and potential bacteria growth.

Washing machines, on the other hand, should be cleaned monthly to keep them in optimal condition. This helps prevent soap scum and mineral buildup, which can affect your machine’s performance. Also, routinely inspect hoses and fittings for leaks or wear and tear.

Your oven, whether used daily or occasionally, benefits from a deep clean every three to six months. Regular wiping after each use can prevent excessive buildup of food particles, while an in-depth clean ensures the longevity and efficiency of the appliance.

Regarding your clothes dryer, cleaning the lint filter after every use is essential for maintaining efficiency and reducing fire risk. Additionally, a thorough vent and duct cleaning is recommended at least once a year to remove any accumulated lint.

Finally, your dishwasher, similar to your washing machine, should be cleaned monthly. Regular cleaning helps prevent the buildup of food particles, grease, and soap scum that can lead to odors and reduce the efficiency of the appliance.


Do certain parts of my appliances need more frequent attention?

Yes, certain parts of your appliances require more frequent attention due to their role in the operation of the device. So, it is essential that you should prepare appliance maintenance checklist and follow it regularly. For instance, refrigerator coils and seals, the lint filter in your clothes dryer, the oven’s interior, and the filters and seals of your dishwasher and washing machine typically require more regular cleaning or inspection. These components often have direct contact with food particles, lint, or other materials that can build up over time, affecting the efficiency and functionality of your appliances.

What are some common problems I might encounter with my appliances?

For a refrigerator, you might encounter issues like insufficient cooling, water leakage, or excessive noise. Washing machines might stop spinning, drain incorrectly, or become excessively noisy. Ovens might not heat to the correct temperature or heat unevenly, and clothes dryers might take too long to dry clothes or stop heating altogether. For dishwashers, common issues include not cleaning dishes properly, not draining, or leaking.

How do I troubleshoot these problems?

For a refrigerator not cooling, check if the temperature settings have been accidentally changed, ensure the coils are clean, and verify that the door seals are intact. If it’s leaking water, the defrost drain might be clogged, which you can try to unclog with warm water.

For a washing machine that won’t spin, inspect the belts for damage, ensure the lid switch is working, and ensure it’s not overloaded. If it’s not draining, check the drain hose for clogs.

If your oven is not heating correctly, it might be an issue with the heating element or the temperature sensor. It’s best to consult with a kitchen appliance maintenance professional for these issues unless you’re comfortable working with appliances.

For a dryer that’s not heating, the heating element might need to be replaced, the thermal fuse might be blown, or the vent could be clogged. Again, if you’re uncomfortable working with appliances, call a professional.

If your dishwasher isn’t cleaning properly, ensure that the sprayer arms aren’t clogged, the dishwasher is loaded correctly, and you’re using the right amount of detergent. If it’s not draining, check the drain hose for blockages.

When Should I Call a Professional for Appliance Maintenance or Repair?

While regular home appliance maintenance can keep your appliances in good working order and prolong their lifespan, there are times when it’s necessary to call in the professionals. These instances often involve complex problems, such as your oven not heating correctly, the refrigerator not cooling, or your washing machine or dishwasher not draining.

Also, if your appliance is under warranty, it’s generally better to call a professional to avoid unintentionally voiding it. Remember, professional appliance technicians have the knowledge and equipment to diagnose and fix problems that can be hard to tackle. They can ensure that repairs are done safely and correctly, preventing further damage to the appliance.

And when you do need professional help, trust the experts at Adelaide Appliance for your appliance repairs in Adelaide. Their skilled technicians offer top-notch service for various household appliances, ensuring they’re fixed efficiently and effectively.